Parallel LANDINGS!!! PRM and SOIA approaches! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

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  • 23/08/2018 को प्रकाशित
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    Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to a great video about, "How can it be that airplanes fly so close to each other and then land on parallel runways?" The procedure/technique I´ll be showing you today are the PRM and SOIA approaches. I admit the are fairly rare and only a few airport around the world have such approaches but they are definitely worth explaining as the videos some passengers have recorded from their seat look pretty daunting.
    A PRM approach is more or less the same as a normal ILS approach, except that the landing runway has an adjacent parallel runway spaced only 3000-4300 feet apart. If you approach such an airport, you would listen to the ATIS beforehand and the ATIS will mention if PRM approaches are in operation. You as a pilot have to have special training within the simulator to be certified to fly such an approach. Then you read the "Attention to all users of PRM approach" chart. There is some key information listed on that chart, briefing you with the differences and facts about the PRM approach.
    The most important item, in my opinion, is the dual VHF requirement. You aircraft has to have two functioning VHF radios. On set number one you dial in the tower frequency and on the second set you monitor/listen to the approach controller, and set the volume level accordingly.
    But see more in the video!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction video about PRM approaches!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
    Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
    @Eric Liang
    @ashfaq afridi
    @HD Melbourne Aviation

    Into Song:
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  • विज्ञान और तकनीकविज्ञान और तकनीक

टिप्पणियाँ • 1 278

  • Niemand
    Niemand 4 घंटे पहले

    To all germansवीडियो.html
    Bitte teilen geht um Artikel 13

  • Daniel Inbaraj
    Daniel Inbaraj 10 घंटे पहले

    Joe, comparing in size, airbus a 380 in Bigger than boing 747 then why two reverse thrusters are used in a 380 while boing uses all 4 reverse thrusters

  • Vrbancic Dorian
    Vrbancic Dorian दिन पहले

    Theres no croatian

  • Roblox Minder
    Roblox Minder 3 दिन पहले

    As hle 74-

  • Bunk Man
    Bunk Man 3 दिन पहले

    As a retired Navy pilot, carrier pilot, all we did was fly form...granted, small jets compared to large jets on a completely different type of flying but easy to do as it is what we did.

  • Mohit Raj Sinha
    Mohit Raj Sinha 4 दिन पहले

    Hey make a video on line training in airlines

  • Kyle Miller
    Kyle Miller 6 दिन पहले

    I see your videos on my suggested list all the time so I decided to subscribe today, I am always interested in airplanes and always enjoy your videos 👍🏻

  • Super Saiyan?
    Super Saiyan? 9 दिन पहले

    I have not had a break out

  • Ibkahn bahim
    Ibkahn bahim 10 दिन पहले


  • K. O
    K. O 12 दिन पहले


  • Patricia Mamani
    Patricia Mamani 13 दिन पहले

    I hope I never get to see that

    JEREMY BROWN 13 दिन पहले

    I died on an aircraft collision and i realize it was a bad no joking its true.....after we arrive in honkong

  • Samiulla Ahmad
    Samiulla Ahmad 13 दिन पहले

    Love your videos Cap! Thanks for sharing this cool information

  • ThisKid
    ThisKid 13 दिन पहले

    Normal day at SFO

  • nathan5508
    nathan5508 14 दिन पहले

    What about parallel takeoff

  • Lt_Rainbow Slash
    Lt_Rainbow Slash 15 दिन पहले

    2 Commercial planes flying somewhat close together: OMG we're all gonna die this isn't safe!!
    2 Military planes flying tight formation withing a few meters of one another: Tuesday

  • Vice Ad
    Vice Ad 15 दिन पहले

    one side note about landing at SFO. It was on the news either in 2017 or 2018. Due to noise complaints from the residents south of SFO, a new guidline has or will be coming effective. Planes will have to remain at high altitude while traveling above Bay Area. Planes will have a much shaper decent when landing. I am not a pilot, so I have no idea how much of a difficulty it will bring into landing planes at SFO.

  • buga boiz
    buga boiz 15 दिन पहले

    Aisles is that how it’s pronounced? Asking for a friend

  • Asrul Hadi
    Asrul Hadi 15 दिन पहले

    Am i the only person laughing when joe said uwhoooo at the beginning of the video?😂

  • Bob Jones
    Bob Jones 16 दिन पहले

    Love your videos! You should do more episodes on Sydney as that’s where I’m from and it’s very interesting !

  • wkdravenna
    wkdravenna 17 दिन पहले

    i am always entering the no transgression zone !

  • Anna De La Strange
    Anna De La Strange 18 दिन पहले

    In flight sims steam edition they can meld.into eachother....वीडियो.html

  • Аитор Хара
    Аитор Хара 18 दिन पहले

    It's not that difficult, you just press "square" when that happens preventing the airplane to go at full speed.

  • Redhen Railcar SAR
    Redhen Railcar SAR 18 दिन पहले

    I had an experience similar to this, but very different. Our plane was cruising and i was staring out the window, then i see another plane heading to the our left from our plane, so it must have crossed over our plane! I think the two planes were very close when they did that.

  • Oťas Gaming
    Oťas Gaming 19 दिन पहले

    I was on SFO and we had an SOIA approach, it was crazy!

  • William Varga
    William Varga 20 दिन पहले

    so why would a prm or soia approach be preferred? would it not be better to just have the planes come in separately?

  • Molly Michie
    Molly Michie 21 दिन पहले +5

    We coming in land in Sydney on a Qantas flight when an some American plane came into the no transgression zone and we had to do a breakout (it was a PRM approach)

  • Chris Green
    Chris Green 21 दिन पहले

    Surely you should know you are going to have a Prm approach before you take off
    It’s route planning
    You’re implying not knowing until on approach at beginning

  • Jon Davis
    Jon Davis 22 दिन पहले

    Live in the SF region and am savvy enough to understand safe separation distances, etc etc. That being said I always wondered about the SUPER close approaches at SFO. So this was super fascinating to learn and explains so much, especially why the right hand aircraft always seems to be the one slightly behind.

  • Dave 2209
    Dave 2209 23 दिन पहले

    Schlägt bei so einem engen Anflug nicht auch TCARS an ?

  • Jason Bouphasavanh
    Jason Bouphasavanh 23 दिन पहले

    This captain is getting it with many flight attendants/stewardess hahaha and flings with them while hea wife is home, also having a fling with a guy she chats at the gym, all wells that ends well, everyone gets it huh lol

  • 1264 Gaming
    1264 Gaming 23 दिन पहले

    I was in won two years ago at MDW
    Chicago midway international airport

  • UCK_Genti-albin H
    UCK_Genti-albin H 24 दिन पहले

    Oh yeah yeah

  • ed p
    ed p 24 दिन पहले

    Why do you say that SOIA and PRM approaches are rare? Most major airports have parallel runways 3000' or less apart. LAX, SFO, JFK, DFW, Atlanta, Denver, SETAC, etc.... have them.

  • Fly Beep
    Fly Beep 25 दिन पहले

    I have a somewhat related close proximity story. It's got nothing to do with PRM or SOIA, however it happened during a landing approach. First some background, at some time in the past I was a skydiver. I'm Belgian and the main airport we have is Zaventem airport. About 30 km to the east of the airport there's a DZ (drop zone) for skydivers. Our DZ operates a Cessna Grand Caravan. Each sunday afternoon there's a what we call a "holding" where planes which are landing in Zaventem are diverted over our DZ which means our Cessna doesn't go up. Usually this only lasts for a good hour if I remember correctly. When our Cessna goes up we usually jump at an altitude of 13.000ft but some of us exit sooner at about 5000 to 5500ft. Those are called hop & pops and are for jumpers who want to train high performance canopy flying only.
    So at one time, on a sunday with the holding hours away, we were flying up. There were 18 jumpers in the Cessna, which is a full load, and a few people wanting to do a hop & pop exit. There were a lot of clouds and the Cessna was climbing through it. It was a bit of a dreary rainy day which produced large thick clouds. Unlike in the US, European jumpers are allowed to jump through clouds even when there's no ground visibility. When the hop & pop jumpers go out at 5500ft, the sliding plexiglass door is opened and the jumpers jump out. I was positioned pretty close to the door so I had a pretty good view of the outside. We were flying in between large towering clouds. Three jumpers went out and right when the last one exited suddenly out of the clouds at almost our exact same height cale Virgin Express 737-300 full red airplane. They are easily recognizable since they have their fuselage full red. It was right there, just popped out of the clouds about 1000ft behind us and flew over us and I got to look at it directly with the open door. It flew over us with a difference in height of about 300ft vertically and perhaps 100ft to the side. Our pilot didn't notice him and when I told about it on the ground to a skydiver who was a trainee in becoming an airline pilot he didn't believe a thing I said.
    But it happened for sure, somebody messed up that day and I think not even the pilots of the 737 saw us. There's wasn't any unstable turbulence felt and nothing happened. Nobody got scared, those who saw it thought of it like it was an amazing and freak experience. We just closed the door, talked about it in the plane like "wow did you see that". We climbed to 13000ft and did our jump.

  • Quin
    Quin 25 दिन पहले

    I've watched Toronto Pearson Int'l doing parallel landings on 24L and 24R, and also on 33L and 33R.

  • Erwin Cruz
    Erwin Cruz 27 दिन पहले

    Got an American pilot ad before watching this

  • Jze
    Jze महीने पहले

    ayyeee YSSY got featured!!! My local international airport!
    (also look up YWVA or Warnervale thats my local areodrome)

  • Darren Lim
    Darren Lim महीने पहले

    At Japan this 747 got so close we turned away and I tilted so suddenly I thought we crashed

  • Mah Zan
    Mah Zan महीने पहले

    Thank you so much.I like your video. Happy new year 2019

  • Joe K
    Joe K महीने पहले "Home Field" and I experience it all the time when coming home. It never gets old!

  • Naomi Curtis
    Naomi Curtis महीने पहले

    I hope the ability to fly these approaches and the training involved results in substantial increase in pay! I also glad traveling frequently into sfo have never seen a plane that close to me.

  • TheTrain Guy4
    TheTrain Guy4 महीने पहले

    i live in sydney

  • Ian Mannix
    Ian Mannix महीने पहले

    Hey, KSFO is in the video! I fly out of there all the time

  • Tim Watson
    Tim Watson महीने पहले


  • XKingdavid GamerX
    XKingdavid GamerX महीने पहले

    Welp I only Got Quick Turn around But I think Havent Gone a Brake out.... But Good Video

  • sukumar santhosh
    sukumar santhosh महीने पहले +1

    Hi Joe
    I love planes a lot than any other vehicles

  • sukumar santhosh
    sukumar santhosh महीने पहले +1

    How flights can move to the gate after landing in the runway

    • esalenchik
      esalenchik 23 दिन पहले

      sukumar santhosh Ground frequency directs them on taxiways...

  • sukumar santhosh
    sukumar santhosh महीने पहले +1

    Do flights have engine to the wheels

    • Jan H
      Jan H महीने पहले

      No. They use their jet engines to taxi.

  • nope nopê
    nope nopê महीने पहले

    @Captain Joe : I believe a breakout procedure once happened on a Q-400 I was flying on when landing at Toronto Pearson. I was looking through my viewport and saw what i believe was a 727 (not sure) being awfully close. We were nearing the airport and lined up with the runway when it happened. Same as in the video, the pilot throttled up, raised gears, gained altitude and came around for another landing.
    I laughed a little back then cause i had flown over 20 times that year and have had no incidents happen so far. I believe i now understand what happened and can check that on my bucket list, it's getting kind of long and i'd like it to stop but frequent flyers like me statistically run into more incidents than regular people.
    So far:
    Minor Tail Strike at Cuba (Pilot didn't push the throttle before disengaging the brakes, short runway)
    Aborted takeoff at Quebec Airport (I believe the pilot said it had something to do with too much snow on the runway)
    Waited for half an hour in a waiting loop because of a mayday from another plane at New-York
    Aborted landing because of crosswinds at Quebec Airport in a Dash-8
    And now i can add breakout procedure at Toronto Pearson
    Well it never gets boring in the air!

  • Christopher Pilkington
    Christopher Pilkington महीने पहले

    Atlanta (ATL) has 5 parallel runways. I was recently on a Delta flight into Atlanta and out my right passenger window I saw a Southwest 737 and Delta 717 in formation with us on final to ATL.

  • Ryan Udasco
    Ryan Udasco महीने पहले

    This is my favorite landing and I see them usually in SFO.

  • Aiden Ennis
    Aiden Ennis महीने पहले

    Would Gatwick have one of them if they use the 2nd emergency runway

  • I Like Memes
    I Like Memes महीने पहले

    What planes do u fly and what are your favorites??”

  • rogerdotlee
    rogerdotlee महीने पहले

    So THAT'S why they went around. I was at the Hiller Aviation Museum at San Carlos, Ca (just about at the LDA point into SFO). They were slamming them in on the 28s, with departures on the 1s (typical SFO afternoon). I watched a Singapore Airlines 747 peel off, and was wondering why. The museum employee standing next to me said "Because ATC told him to, silly!".
    Thanks for the info!

  • gokul Anand
    gokul Anand महीने पहले

    Hi captain
    I want to be like you
    You are my inspiration.

  • joseph dunn
    joseph dunn महीने पहले

    LAX has it.

  • TheFirBall
    TheFirBall महीने पहले

    Does ATL have these types of landings? They seem to be landing two and three at a time across their five runways

  • London London
    London London महीने पहले

    All those scrolling through comments have a nice day

  • Yusuf Wazzan
    Yusuf Wazzan महीने पहले

    I was flying today and I saw two planes doing this, they were kinda far from me but i saw them

  • Alcide Cloridrix
    Alcide Cloridrix महीने पहले

    Soya approach, is for Japanese or Taiwanese crowded airfields...

  • Prince Manqoba
    Prince Manqoba महीने पहले

    1:42 that cloud group raises an alarm for me. BKN below SCT?

    ONE NATION महीने पहले

    Capt Joe I thought it would be jelly in the pants. Lol

  • Budi Setiawan
    Budi Setiawan महीने पहले

    I just realize see on joe shoulder, three bars so he s not.a captain yet, but his knowledge beyond the captain, so i will call him captain anyway

  • QuarioQuario54321
    QuarioQuario54321 महीने पहले

    0:44 Wow. E175 and 777 next to each other

  • Steve
    Steve महीने पहले

    This is a bit misleading. The visual approaches you showed at the beginning are just that, visual approaches. They are not precision or even Non-precision approaches. There is no "No Transgression Zone", and no second tower frequency. These happen every day at SFO under visual conditions. 32 years flying I have never flown a PRM or a SOIA approach. But I've done a few hundred of these tight visuals into SFO.

  • Crammy Davis, Jr
    Crammy Davis, Jr महीने पहले

    So much SFO!

  • Ramzy Tylar
    Ramzy Tylar महीने पहले

    When my plane landed people stared clapping idk why

  • Michael Nelson
    Michael Nelson महीने पहले +1

    SOIA wanna learn about planes? Captain Joe is your man!

    • Martin C.
      Martin C. महीने पहले

      Michael Nelson 😂😂😂😂

  • Fernando Neves
    Fernando Neves महीने पहले

    Landing in SFO I was there

  • Got4MinutesRB
    Got4MinutesRB महीने पहले +1

    I believe KLAX Is a SOIA Approach. Correct me if I’m wrong.

    • Got4MinutesRB
      Got4MinutesRB 3 दिन पहले

      Alireza Alivandivafa Oh! Thank you so much, now that I think about that it makes way more sense now. Appreciate it.

    • Alireza Alivandivafa
      Alireza Alivandivafa 3 दिन पहले

      Nope, but LAX allows for sidesteps to the parallel runways in each complex if certain higher minima are met. No LDA approaches into LAX or PRM. If LAX is IFR or MVFR with IMC past the FAF, they are highly unlikely to conduct approaches to the inboard runways.

  • Big Mac
    Big Mac महीने पहले

    Would a soia/prm be possible at SeaTac?

  • Carlos Jaymalin
    Carlos Jaymalin महीने पहले

    I can fly closer in gta v

  • Sam Clemons
    Sam Clemons महीने पहले

    Experienced a PRM at ATL in November.

  • Jan Gelbrich
    Jan Gelbrich महीने पहले

    A good pilot can also explain very good =) Thumbs up up up!

  • f3nd13y
    f3nd13y महीने पहले

    how can planes fly so close? you use your eyes or/and stay on your course

  • Michael Foy
    Michael Foy महीने पहले

    YSSY (Sydney) PRM frequency now cuts into tower frequency when ILS PRM ops are in use.

  • Tomas Beno
    Tomas Beno महीने पहले

    old GF vs new GF comparison = just brilliant !! :))))))

  • Antonio VJ
    Antonio VJ महीने पहले

    The airports of madrid barajas has the 4 runways paralel. Have you ever ñanded ther

    AVIATION PILOT महीने पहले

    Amazing video, I was flying at cruising altitude on a VIRGIN ATLANTIC BOEING 747-400 when there was a KLM BOEING 737 flying right next to us, How comes that Joe?

  • uruiamnot
    uruiamnot महीने पहले

    I'm trying to figure out how this applies to DFW... it has 5 parallel, north-south runways.
    Maybe they could do a PR stunt with 5 simultaneous landings.

  • Px Nielsen
    Px Nielsen महीने पहले

    I believe I experienced PRM approach at Schiphol (AMS).

  • The Realmapa
    The Realmapa महीने पहले

    0:44 Which one buttered more? I think American

    STHYR महीने पहले

    0:04 woooooaah

  • Mayur Marathe
    Mayur Marathe महीने पहले

    Where did you get that toy plan from? 😀

  • Lilia Burdett
    Lilia Burdett महीने पहले

    My grandpa was flying on a 747 into SFO and the plane had a breakout procedure

  • TrickShot Kraz
    TrickShot Kraz महीने पहले

    I was on that plane

  • Austin Lin
    Austin Lin महीने पहले +1

    8:19 what is that airline for the 767? That looks like jet blue, but they don't operate the 767. :\

  • David Er
    David Er महीने पहले

    If someone crosses the “no transgression zone” or errors on the visual approach, causing the other plane to break off their approach, does the other crew or carrier get fined? If so, how much can the fine be? If not, what kind of reprimand if any do they receive?

  • Trevor Butler
    Trevor Butler महीने पहले

    SFO is my home airport so I've experienced a few of these approaches while traveling. I've never experienced a breakout procedure though.

  • Katty Miku
    Katty Miku महीने पहले

    My plane wasn't coming in for a landing but once I was flying from Dallas, Texas to Honolulu, Hawaii and we were a little more than 3 quarters of the way there. I looked out my window and a Southwest (I don't remember the type of plane but it may have been an Airbus A320) plane flew perpendicular to my plane but it was literally only a few feet lower. I will bet ANYTHING that the TCAS system went off very aggressively we were that close. Thankfully nothing bad happened but it has definitely scarred me for life. I still see my 9 year old self saying to my dad, "Look dad! Another plane!" Still love flying though!!!

  • HodgePodge
    HodgePodge महीने पहले

    Hi Captain Joe great videos. Can you make a video on the Flight 1549 (Captain Sully)? What's your take on it or what would have you done?

  • Amazing Aeroplanes
    Amazing Aeroplanes महीने पहले

    *break out manuever occurs
    I almost DIED in a PLANE CRASH!!! (Storytime)

  • Flight sim ZM
    Flight sim ZM महीने पहले

    What is wrong with people. Don’t watch educational videos and then dislike them. Can someone with a sound mind give me a good reason??
    Keep it up captain joe & thanks for ur videos!!

  • Drake Burd
    Drake Burd 2 महीने पहले

    Captain Joe, what is that at the 12:00 mark? what purpose does it serve?वीडियो.html

  • Thomas Moeller
    Thomas Moeller 2 महीने पहले

    Joe: you seem to have plenty of experience with current and past girlfriend contacts simultaneously 😀👍

  • RS 7
    RS 7 2 महीने पहले

    If I pilot calls these landing daunting I don't think they are worth it

  • anju sharma
    anju sharma 2 महीने पहले

    Hi captain joe , My name is saksham and I am ten years . I like to watch your videos because it's my dream to be a pilot. And I like the way u explain like ILS approch . So thank you for your educational vidoes about planes and which websites to vist . And almost forgot this video was great

  • Konráð Arthúrsson
    Konráð Arthúrsson 2 महीने पहले +1

    WOOOOO Sydney Airport; thats my hub y'all!!!!

  • Aviation Mad
    Aviation Mad 2 महीने पहले +1

    Great Vid Captain Joe. Do you like the 737 Max