Parallel LANDINGS!!! PRM and SOIA approaches! Explained by CAPTAIN JOE

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  • 23/08/2018 को प्रकाशित
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    Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to a great video about, "How can it be that airplanes fly so close to each other and then land on parallel runways?" The procedure/technique I´ll be showing you today are the PRM and SOIA approaches. I admit the are fairly rare and only a few airport around the world have such approaches but they are definitely worth explaining as the videos some passengers have recorded from their seat look pretty daunting.
    A PRM approach is more or less the same as a normal ILS approach, except that the landing runway has an adjacent parallel runway spaced only 3000-4300 feet apart. If you approach such an airport, you would listen to the ATIS beforehand and the ATIS will mention if PRM approaches are in operation. You as a pilot have to have special training within the simulator to be certified to fly such an approach. Then you read the "Attention to all users of PRM approach" chart. There is some key information listed on that chart, briefing you with the differences and facts about the PRM approach.
    The most important item, in my opinion, is the dual VHF requirement. You aircraft has to have two functioning VHF radios. On set number one you dial in the tower frequency and on the second set you monitor/listen to the approach controller, and set the volume level accordingly.
    But see more in the video!
    Thank you very much for your time! I hope you enjoy this basic introduction video about PRM approaches!
    Wishing you all the best!
    Your "Captain" Joe
    Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:
    @Eric Liang
    @ashfaq afridi
    @HD Melbourne Aviation

    Into Song:
    Outro Song:
    Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here

  • विज्ञान और तकनीकविज्ञान और तकनीक

टिप्पणियाँ • 1 399

  • John Hachi
    John Hachi 14 घंटे पहले

    The incident involving the breakout beginning at 8:00, involving the 747 and 767, is probably due to overtake. One important thing to keep in mind is that although this video is about PRM and SOIA approaches, whenever the runways (centerlines) are separated by less than 2500 feet, visual separation has to be used at some point, and wake turbulence is also going to be a factor. Although there's no way to be sure without hearing the audio, the reason for the 767 breakout is probably because the 747 is overtaking. Considering that the visibility is good and the aircraft are already very close, it's likely that at the point shown in the video the 747 pilots have long had the 767 in sight and are using visual separation. However, the 747 is not allowed to PASS the 767 under any circumstances. This is specifically covered in ATC wake turbulence separation rules for runways separated by less than 2500 feet. If the 747 can't stay behind the 767, one of the airplanes must be broken out. Usually, it will be whichever airplane (controller) "missed its mark," so it's likely that the controller working the 767 was too far behind his aiming point.

  • Robert Young
    Robert Young 3 दिन पहले


  • SydneyPhotography2019
    SydneyPhotography2019 4 दिन पहले

    Woo! Sydney Airport!

  • Nick Annies
    Nick Annies 5 दिन पहले

    That in flight landing is amazing!

  • Ziraafs Family
    Ziraafs Family 11 दिन पहले

    I saw this moment.......

  • Ziraafs Family
    Ziraafs Family 11 दिन पहले

    Why we need copilot

  • Jordan K
    Jordan K 15 दिन पहले +3

    I'm super late, but my local airport (5 minutes from my house) KMSP has been doing PRM approaches since 1997!

  • h8GWBî
    h8GWBî 17 दिन पहले

    It's kinda like wondering why the car in the lane next to you on the freeway is only a few feet away.

  • Dionne Cyprus
    Dionne Cyprus 20 दिन पहले

    How many girls did you have?!

  • VietcongHere2banzai
    VietcongHere2banzai 20 दिन पहले

    Aircraft promotional videos:
    Am i a joke to you

  • TakatsukiUta
    TakatsukiUta 22 दिन पहले


  • Caleb T.V
    Caleb T.V 22 दिन पहले

    Can you do a aviation meme review.

  • Paul Crooks
    Paul Crooks 23 दिन पहले +1

    How the Air Force fly so close information.

  • Kangjia Huang
    Kangjia Huang महीने पहले

    I live an hour from KSFO (SFO) !

  • yunghobi
    yunghobi महीने पहले

    GTA 5 airport has them

  • KCFlyer2
    KCFlyer2 महीने पहले +1

    Glad I watched to the end...seeing the planes at 0:40, I was wondering about wake turbulence. Explained at the end. Love your videos and subscribed.

  • The Kilobrain
    The Kilobrain महीने पहले

    What is MCAS??!!

  • cory meyer
    cory meyer महीने पहले

    Dfw dallas fort worth and dallas love both have the same thing where planes fly next to each other

  • Kassem Khalil
    Kassem Khalil महीने पहले

    You’re explanations are extremely useful thanks cap👍👍👍

  • Josh McMillan
    Josh McMillan महीने पहले

    We had that on our flight back to the UK from Canada

  • Muhammad Choukaier
    Muhammad Choukaier महीने पहले

    do "if a KID can fly a plane" (dont use a real plane)

  • Laura Stritch
    Laura Stritch महीने पहले

    What the intro song called?

  • Hearts on fire
    Hearts on fire महीने पहले

    I live in YSSY

  • Pelle Schwarzberg
    Pelle Schwarzberg महीने पहले +2

    I was flying from Schiphol to Rome and I had a PRM approach. I saw that the A320 next to us was coming really close and seconds later we had a brake up procedure!

  • Alaska Flyer & gaming
    Alaska Flyer & gaming महीने पहले

    0:43 Me and my little brother playing X-Plane.

  • Arnav khan
    Arnav khan महीने पहले +2

    Sir I am passing mechanical engineering from a renowned university. Its a military one. Can I become a pilot appearing PPL and than CPL?? After graduation.

    • A2DJP
      A2DJP महीने पहले

      Arnav khan there shouldn’t be any issue. Unless you have a mandatory military service.

  • SuperDuper PowerMoon
    SuperDuper PowerMoon महीने पहले

    Who watches Captain Joe and is not a pilot?

  • ItsJustMe
    ItsJustMe महीने पहले

    0:41 looks like a mother and her child

    BRUCEY VERY EASY महीने पहले

    When FedEx planes breakout they pop flares😂😂😂

  • bino robin
    bino robin महीने पहले

    3:06 I thought he's going to say "If you get into the transgression zone, you will be shot down". 😂😂
    Well this is a joke, please don't take it seriously. 🙏

  • Nicolas Khong
    Nicolas Khong महीने पहले


  • Pablo Gonzalez
    Pablo Gonzalez महीने पहले

    Please do a video discussing why flying cars as mass transportation will never be a thing I can't even fly my quadcopter down the street.

  • Jacob Cudlitz
    Jacob Cudlitz महीने पहले +2

    Nope 757 (I think)

  • Jacob Cudlitz
    Jacob Cudlitz महीने पहले +2

    0:41 100 50 40 30 20 10 Butter

  • TSM_Cookie 21
    TSM_Cookie 21 महीने पहले


  • Kyle Liwag
    Kyle Liwag महीने पहले

    Imagine turning your apu 41000 feet

  • XVCephei
    XVCephei महीने पहले

    What is the depressing and dismal background sound (like dark ambient), why do you put it? You have very nice songs at the start and in the end, but during the video, I'm feeling like my mood is getting worse

  • 地産地翔 FDA
    地産地翔 FDA महीने पहले +1


  • kenny doan
    kenny doan महीने पहले

    Plays o hell to the no no no when my Southwest Airlines toy is coming tomorrow

  • lol
    lol महीने पहले

    if i'm flying with my dad and doing a SOIA approach and my dad didn't know, my dad would've scream "OH SHIT WE'RE GOING TO CRASH"

  • Raph Spierings
    Raph Spierings महीने पहले

    Once i was in an airplane and i was looking out of the window and then i saw a airplane flying next to me and i was waving to the pilot and he waved back too

    • Mick Funny
      Mick Funny महीने पहले

      Raph Spierings what type of plane was it?

  • Trooper 1000cake
    Trooper 1000cake महीने पहले


  • Purple Team
    Purple Team महीने पहले

    Who realised the way he said Sydney? It’s like he said Sydnay

  • Ahmed Medhat
    Ahmed Medhat महीने पहले

    Chicago (ORD) 10R and 10C have a PRM approach

  • Random guy on youtube who likes planes
    Random guy on youtube who likes planes महीने पहले +1

    Reverse thrust opens* any big youtuber Plane engine split in half (gone wrong)

  • -Manta -
    -Manta - महीने पहले

    Jon where are the Portuguese subtitels 😔

  • GloriousTube TV
    GloriousTube TV महीने पहले

    I dont remeber a breakout... but once i was on a plane and suddenly while cruising the pilot said we are going to crash but idk what was the reason

    DHANANJAY THAKUR महीने पहले

    Loved ur way of explaining...It is so easy to understand even for a non avaiation guy like me

  • chawn2112
    chawn2112 महीने पहले

    You probably wouldn't believe be, but one time there was a plane flying parallel to my plane, it was closing in on us, it got so close it was about the distance of between two gates at the airport, then the other plane rolled the other way and slowly disappeared into the horizon. Note this all happened mid air, above the clouds.

  • Sebastian Contreras
    Sebastian Contreras महीने पहले

    Any idea why El Dorado airport (Bogotá) doesn't have PRM nor SOIA? The only simultaneous landing I've seen at that airport was an Avianca A320 landing at 31L and a Satena ATR42 on 31R that landed at the same time because the A320 flew the approach faster

  • gazer Aircraft
    gazer Aircraft महीने पहले

    Wow it is like this
    'Hey fly with me together!'

  • Soccersky10
    Soccersky10 2 महीने पहले

    I absolutely love these videos

  • C w
    C w 2 महीने पहले

    I didn't read all the other comments but the guy to go around is normally the one in less critical fuel state. Is it ever where the one to break PRM goes around? In other words how is it determined who goes around? (text book ans)

  • K Itch
    K Itch 2 महीने पहले

    😞you are so sexist

  • joseph prosser
    joseph prosser 2 महीने पहले

    Years ago I flew into LAX from the East and I was captivated by the view of square after square of residential housing stretching to the horizon. After counting swimming pools for about ten minutes I looked up and just off the left wing there was another jet. It was a surreal experience, like a scene from a science fiction movie, two jets in the afternoon sun flying in close formation over an infinite city.

  • Nemo D123
    Nemo D123 2 महीने पहले +1

    from 3:58 all I heard was:
    1st pilot: Yo?
    Tower control: Hello shorty, what are you doing?
    1st pilot: Notin', sittin' here wachin' the game, smokin' some bud.
    Tower control: Are you all alone?
    2nd pilot: Waseeeeeeeee?
    1st pilot: Waseeeee!
    Tower control: what da? ... Who's that?
    1st pilot: Yo, pick up the phone.
    2nd pilot: Wasaeeeeee!
    Tower control: Waseeeee!
    1st pilot: Eeeeeeee!
    1st pilot: Yo, Dugie, pick up the phone
    PRM ATC: Yo?
    Tower control: Waseeeeee?
    PRM ATC: Waseeee!
    1st pilot: Eeeeeeer
    2nd pilot : eeeer
    1st pilot: What you doin' son?
    Tower control: Nothin', just chillin', killin'
    1st pilot: True true

  • Kevin Wolfe
    Kevin Wolfe 2 महीने पहले +3

    And there was a 737 it got to close we climbed super steep

  • Kevin Wolfe
    Kevin Wolfe 2 महीने पहले

    I was landing at sfo I was in a 777

  • M.A Saeed
    M.A Saeed 2 महीने पहले

    Capt. your videos are really awesomePlz share the young pilots salary all over the world and also make a video on how do you experience during flight when changing time form One country to another country.

  • SuperTriniDaddy
    SuperTriniDaddy 2 महीने पहले

    I imagine there would be fluid dynamics protocols to be observed if the aft-plane is within partial vortices of the lead plane. But why allow riskier maneuvers as such; just delay the aft plane the appropriate time-factor to avoid break-out shit from happening WTF.

    • SuperTriniDaddy
      SuperTriniDaddy 2 महीने पहले

      Remove your mind from the gutta WTF= WHAT THE FRANCE.

  • Abdthegamer 101
    Abdthegamer 101 2 महीने पहले +1

    how many isis members do u think are watching?

    • Elli P
      Elli P 2 महीने पहले

      Abdthegamer 101 - How many ISIS members are watching? Probably dozens, but don't let that worry you. There are plenty of other sources of juicy, security-sensitive operational safety information out there.
      The problem is not the wild-eyed, brainwashed zealots watching INclips, it's the ones who've devoted their sick little minds to getting jobs as ground-crew, maintenance engineers, and ATC operators. I think you should call James Bond immediately. Spies, espionage, double-agents... Gosh, there's so much to worry about that I think I'll not bother worrying about anything at all.
      Enjoy your flight, my friend. :-)

  • Peter mišún
    Peter mišún 2 महीने पहले

    Hey Joe, i would love to know how the air communication works. Is it like that each aircraft has its own frequention or u listen to all commands for all planes around, if it is determined for each aircraft on what base is it done ?

    VWGTI 2 महीने पहले +2

    Don't planes nowadays have sensors to warn pilots of other planes near or if a mid air crash might happen?

    • A2DJP
      A2DJP 2 महीने पहले

      VWGTI tcas

    • Aidan
      Aidan 2 महीने पहले

      VWGTI - Well, not sensors but with the radar it can detect other planes close to them and then alert the pilot.

  • gustavs & stuff
    gustavs & stuff 2 महीने पहले

    Hey. What should i look out for on my first on plane

  • Mark g
    Mark g 2 महीने पहले

    Joe, great video as usual. I do that SFO approach a lot, and I’m guessing the breakout in your video wasn’t because of a controller directed, but rather because the 767 forgot to turn his TCAS to TA only, and thus got a RA. Seen it happen a handful of times myself (not me, of course😉). However, the go around could have been anything, but wanted to chime in about specific procedures on the TCAS for SFO. We were pulling up beside another carrier one night who was in front of us, and they did a pretty aggressive pitch up go around. Then stated their TCAS went off. Oops. They should have read the instructions😎
    That approach is definitely my favorite in the USA.
    One thing that bugs me is that SFO approach will have you “maintain visual separation”, but in a 737-900 we are going faster than literally everybody else, so you end up over running and going in front. Thus, visual separation gets kind of iffy.
    SFO runs their airport almost identical to LGA, but they are doing it with 2 sets of parallel runways simultaneously instead of singles. It’s a piece of art when well executed. The very second that the two landing aircraft are clear of the intersecting runways, they are clearing the intersection runways for two more takeoffs to a fan departure, followed by two more landings as the next two takeoffs are lining up. Very cool.
    Worth mentioning to passengers with a PA ahead of time to not be alarmed when they find themselves in formation with another plane on final.

  • JProbinson And his reptiles
    JProbinson And his reptiles 2 महीने पहले

    And I’ve been to San Francisco inti

  • JProbinson And his reptiles
    JProbinson And his reptiles 2 महीने पहले

    We were landing at Gatwick airport with easyJet and we had to aboart the landing because there was a plane on a runway

  • IceCreamPiez
    IceCreamPiez 2 महीने पहले

    I have seen that twice in dubai and sydney

  • Ben Kerry
    Ben Kerry 2 महीने पहले

    Aussie Aussie Aussie oi oi oi

  • Chris Hernandez
    Chris Hernandez 2 महीने पहले

    The background music makes me expect some slowmo guys video

  • Name Legend
    Name Legend 2 महीने पहले

    I want to be a pilot, you help me!

  • RUHappyATM
    RUHappyATM 2 महीने पहले

    Captain Joe...are you the man...

  • Philip Kordyshevskiy
    Philip Kordyshevskiy 2 महीने पहले

    Usually they are flying close because they are on final approach and are landing on parallel runways.

  • Albert Tseng
    Albert Tseng 3 महीने पहले

    SIA is from LAX-NRT

  • Bill Van Raam
    Bill Van Raam 3 महीने पहले

    Being a passenger landing at SFO when the weather allows for two landings at the same time it’s kind of cool and can be a bit worrisome to look out and see the other plane. I not sure if what I experienced landing in Los Angeles was a breakout but the wheels were just about to touchdown when the pilot powered up and did a go around, we the passengers never got an explanatio.

  • SkullMan Gaming
    SkullMan Gaming 3 महीने पहले

    SFO is the only airport with a 21R and 22L

  • Niemand
    Niemand 3 महीने पहले

    To all germansवीडियो.html
    Bitte teilen geht um Artikel 13

  • Daniel Inbaraj
    Daniel Inbaraj 3 महीने पहले

    Joe, comparing in size, airbus a 380 in Bigger than boing 747 then why two reverse thrusters are used in a 380 while boing uses all 4 reverse thrusters

  • Dorian Vrbančić
    Dorian Vrbančić 3 महीने पहले

    Theres no croatian

  • Roblox Minder
    Roblox Minder 3 महीने पहले

    As hle 74-

  • Bunk Man
    Bunk Man 3 महीने पहले

    As a retired Navy pilot, carrier pilot, all we did was fly form...granted, small jets compared to large jets on a completely different type of flying but easy to do as it is what we did.

  • Mohit Raj Sinha
    Mohit Raj Sinha 3 महीने पहले

    Hey make a video on line training in airlines

  • Kyle Miller
    Kyle Miller 3 महीने पहले

    I see your videos on my suggested list all the time so I decided to subscribe today, I am always interested in airplanes and always enjoy your videos 👍🏻

  • Super Saiyan?
    Super Saiyan? 3 महीने पहले

    I have not had a break out

  • Ibkahn bahim
    Ibkahn bahim 3 महीने पहले


  • K. O
    K. O 3 महीने पहले


  • Patricia Mamani
    Patricia Mamani 3 महीने पहले

    I hope I never get to see that

  • Avia Historia
    Avia Historia 3 महीने पहले

    I died on an aircraft collision and i realize it was a bad no joking its true.....after we arrive in honkong

  • Sami Ahmad
    Sami Ahmad 3 महीने पहले

    Love your videos Cap! Thanks for sharing this cool information

  • ThisKid
    ThisKid 3 महीने पहले

    Normal day at SFO

  • nathan5508
    nathan5508 3 महीने पहले

    What about parallel takeoff

    • SkullMan Gaming
      SkullMan Gaming 3 महीने पहले

      nathan5508 yup at SFO it happens a lot

  • Lt_Rainbow Slash
    Lt_Rainbow Slash 3 महीने पहले

    2 Commercial planes flying somewhat close together: OMG we're all gonna die this isn't safe!!
    2 Military planes flying tight formation withing a few meters of one another: Tuesday

  • Vice Ad
    Vice Ad 3 महीने पहले

    one side note about landing at SFO. It was on the news either in 2017 or 2018. Due to noise complaints from the residents south of SFO, a new guidline has or will be coming effective. Planes will have to remain at high altitude while traveling above Bay Area. Planes will have a much shaper decent when landing. I am not a pilot, so I have no idea how much of a difficulty it will bring into landing planes at SFO.

  • buga boiz
    buga boiz 3 महीने पहले

    Aisles is that how it’s pronounced? Asking for a friend

  • Asrul Hadi
    Asrul Hadi 3 महीने पहले

    Am i the only person laughing when joe said uwhoooo at the beginning of the video?😂

  • Bob Jones
    Bob Jones 3 महीने पहले

    Love your videos! You should do more episodes on Sydney as that’s where I’m from and it’s very interesting !

  • wkdravenna
    wkdravenna 3 महीने पहले

    i am always entering the no transgression zone !

  • Anna De La Strange
    Anna De La Strange 3 महीने पहले

    In flight sims steam edition they can meld.into eachother....वीडियो.html

  • Аитор Хара
    Аитор Хара 3 महीने पहले

    It's not that difficult, you just press "square" when that happens preventing the airplane to go at full speed.

  • Redhen Railcar SAR
    Redhen Railcar SAR 3 महीने पहले

    I had an experience similar to this, but very different. Our plane was cruising and i was staring out the window, then i see another plane heading to the our left from our plane, so it must have crossed over our plane! I think the two planes were very close when they did that.